A day after billionaire Elon Musk launched a $43 billion (£33 billion) offer to buy Twitter, the company’s board has prepared itself to fight a hostile takeover.
A “limited-duration shareholder rights plan,” sometimes known as a “poison pill,” has been implemented.
The move will prevent anyone from having more than a 15% stake in the company.
It accomplishes this by allowing others to purchase additional shares at a reduced price.
The Twitter board of directors presented their defense strategy to the US Securities and Exchange Commission, claiming that it was necessary due to Mr Musk’s “unsolicited, non-binding proposal to acquire Twitter”.
When one firm tries to buy another against the wishes of that company’s management – in Twitter’s instance, the executive board – a hostile takeover bid is made.
A poison pill, according to Josh White, a former financial economist for the Securities and Exchange Commission is “one of those last lines of defence against a hostile bid takeover”.
“We call it the nuclear option,” he said.
Mr White says the board has made it clear “that they don’t feel like it’s a high enough value for the company”.
Because Mr Musk had signalled that he was not willing to negotiate a higher price, the Twitter board went ahead with the poison pill.
Mr White says he was surprised by Mr Musk’s negotiation tactic because if the end game is to acquire the company it might not be the “right approach”.
“I actually think if he was truly serious about the takeover attempt, he would have started at a price and left the window open for negotiation,” he said.
The plan will expire on 14 April next year.
Chief Executive Parag Agrawal previously said the company was not being “held hostage” by the offer.
Meanwhile, Mr Musk said at the TED2022 conference in Vancouver: “I am not sure that I will actually be able to acquire it.” He added that he does have a “plan B”, though he did not divulge it.
Mr Musk announced a 9.2% stake in the company earlier this month, but he is not the largest shareholder anymore. Asset management firm Vanguard Group disclosed that its funds now own a 10.3% stake.
Mr Musk has said he believes Twitter is limiting freedom of speech on the platform and he reiterated this at the Vancouver event. He has said his primary motivation would be to expand free speech – a US Constitutional right – on Twitter.
Mr Musk is being advised by the US investment bank Morgan Stanley. Meanwhile, Twitter is being helped by two banks, Goldman Sachs and JP Morgan, according to Bloomberg.